Kentucky Poultry Industry Facts
• #1 Agricultural Commodity in Kentucky, #1 Food Commodity
• #7 in the nation in terms of broiler production (NASS 2013, with 309 million boilers)
• $1.2 Billion industry in 2014
• Over 850 large scale poultry farms, 3000 poultry houses in 42 counties and still growing in all sectors of the industry.
• The broiler-breeder industry in Kentucky employees approximately 6,300 people across the state and generate an additional 20,444 jobs in both
the supply and ancillary industries.
• Kentucky’s turkey industry also plays an integral role in Kentucky’s economy. In 2014, the turkey industry was responsible for
contributing roughly $393.8
million as a whole to the Kentucky economy and created as many as 2,567 jobs
in our state.
• Egg producers contribute approximately $214.7 million dollars to Kentucky’s economy, while creating 1769 total jobs for Kentuckians.
In a circular
memorandum to the Industry, Joanne Ivy, president and CEO of the American Egg Board, highlighted
growth in egg consumption during 2014. Per capita
use grew to 160.7 eggs, the highest in 30 years and the
fifth consecutive year of an increase.
• Over 50% of poultry farmers are or were tobacco farmers.
• The average poultry farm is owned and managed by a family farmer and consists of less than five
• Many farmers enter the business to diversify their revenue because of their concerns about
• Kentucky’s poultry industry is the largest buyer of Kentucky grown corn and soybeans.
• Depending on the year and the harvest Kentucky’s poultry consumes about 30% of Kentucky grown soybean and 33% of Kentucky grown corn. In other
words 1 in every 3 rows of corn planted in Kentucky goes to feed poultry in Kentucky.
• Kentucky’s poultry consumes about 30% of Kentucky grown soybeans and about 33% of Kentucky grown corn, depending on the year’s harvest. In other
words, one of every three rows of corn planted in Kentucky goes to feed poultry in our state.
• Each table egg layer consumes about 1 bushel of corn and ½ bushel of soybeans. A hen must eat about four pounds of feed to produce one dozen eggs.
• Kentucky’s grain farmers realize a 10-15 cent per bushel premium for grain sold to the poultry industry.
Kentucky’s poultry industry has a large investment in facilities statewide. Currently in Kentucky there are: 5 broiler hatcheries, 2 primary breeder hatcheries, feed mills, 4 processing plants, layer complexes, and a protein conversion plant. Kentucky also has poultry production from plants located in Tennessee and Indiana.