Kentucky Poultry Industry Facts
- Poultry and Eggs are the #1 Agricultural Commodity in Kentucky, #1 Food Commodity
- #7 in the nation in terms of broiler production (NASS 2014, with 308 million boilers)
- 1.2 Billion eggs were produced on Kentucky (2014 USDA.gov)
- $1.2 Billion industry in 2014 (UK Ag stats)
- Over 850 large scale poultry farms, 3000 poultry houses in 45 counties and still
growing in all sectors of the industry.
- The broiler-breeder industry in Kentucky employees approximately 6,300 people across
the state and generate an additional 20,444 jobs in both the supply and ancillary industries.
- Kentucky's turkey industry also plays an integral role in Kentucky's economy. In 2014, the
turkey industry was responsible for contributing roughly $393.8 million as a whole to the Kentucky
economy and created as many as 2,567 jobs in our state.
- Egg producers contribute approximately $214.7 million dollars to Kentucky's economy, while creating
1769 total jobs for Kentuckians. In a circular memorandum to the Industry, Joanne Ivy, president and
CEO of the American Egg Board, highlighted growth in egg consumption during 2014. Per capita use grew to
160.7 eggs, the highest in 30 years and the fifth consecutive year of an increase.
- Over 50% of poultry farmers are or were tobacco farmers.
- The average poultry farm is owned and managed by a family farmer and consists of less than five poultry houses.
- Many farmers enter the business to diversify their revenue because of their concerns about tobacco's future.
- Kentucky's poultry industry is the largest buyer of Kentucky grown corn and soybeans.
- Depending on the year and the harvest Kentucky's poultry consumes about 25% of Kentucky
grown soybean and 25% of Kentucky grown corn. In other words, 1 in every 4 rows of corn
planted in Kentucky goes to feed poultry in Kentucky.
- Each table egg layer consumes about 1 bushel of corn and ½ bushel of soybeans. A hen must
eat about four pounds of feed to produce one dozen eggs.
- Kentucky's grain farmers realize a 10-15 cent per bushel premium for grain sold to the poultry industry.
Kentucky's poultry industry has a large investment in facilities statewide. Currently in Kentucky there are: 5 broiler hatcheries, 2 primary breeder hatcheries, feed mills, 4 processing plants, layer complexes, and a protein conversion plant. Kentucky also produces poultry for plants located in Tennessee and Indiana.